Free download the killing of the 5th elementary school. The Geeks Reading List – Week of June 5 th 2015 Hello, I have been part of the technology industry for a third of a century now. For 13 years I was an electronics designer and software developer: I designed early generation PCs, mobile phones (including cell phones) and a number of embedded systems which are still in use today. I then became a sell-side research analyst for the next 20 years, where I was ranked the #1 tech analyst in Canada for six consecutive years, named one of the best in the world, and won a number of awards for stock-picking and estimating. I started writing the Geeks Reading List about 12 years ago. In addition to the company specific research notes I was publishing almost every day, it was a weekly list of articles I found interesting – usually provocative, new, and counter-consensus. The sorts of things I wasnt seeing being written anywhere else. They were not intended, at the time, to be taken as investment advice, nor should they today. That being said, investors need to understand crucial trends and developments in the industries in which they invest. Therefore, I believe these comments may actually help investors with a longer time horizon. Not to mention they might come in handy for consumers, CEOs, IT managers … or just about anybody, come to think of it. Technology isnt just a niche area of interest to geeks these days: it impacts almost every part of our economy. I guess, in a way, we are all geeks now. Or at least need to act like it some of the time! Please feel free to pass this newsletter on. Of course, if you find any articles you think should be included please send them on to me. Or feel free to email me to discuss any of these topics in more depth: the sentence or two I write before each topic is usually only a fraction of my highly opinionated views on the subject! This edition of the Geeks List, and all back issues, can be found at. Brian Piccioni Click to Subscribe 1) HP Destroys a Dream Computer to Save It This is extremely disappointing news. The “Machine” was intended as a demonstration platform for memristor memory, a novel technology which has the speed and durability of DRAM but is non-volatile. Memristor memory would be ideal for a computer architecture with a single memory map as there would be no slow “disk drive” for non-volatile storage. It has always been possible to create DRAM based single memory map computer, but without the right memory technology (i. e. memristors) there was no reason to do so. Clearly, HP has realized it will not meet its memristor commercial production targets and is now putting lipstick on the pig. Unless they can produce the devices in a relatively short time frame the very considerable cost of the development of the Machine will have been entirely wasted. My major concern is for the development of commercial memristor memories, which I remain hopeful will eventually occur – after all, memristors were only discovered in 2008. “On Tuesday, however, Martin Fink, HPs chief technology officer, repositioned the Machine as a “memory-driven computer architecture, ” which focuses on the large amounts of data stored, rather than the processing power. Memristors were barely in sight. A prototype of the new computer could be out next year, Mr. Fink said, based on more conventional DRAM memory. Instead of a special-purpose computer operating system, he said, the Machine will initially have a version of the popular Linux system. The major reason for the change is that HP has no idea when, exactly, it will be able to produce memristors in commercial quantities. “We way over-associated this with the memristor, ” Mr. Fink said in an interview. “Were doing what we can to keep it working within existing technology. ”” 2) Worlds first biolimb: Rat forelimb grown in the lab This is really the stuff of science fiction movies, but it shows how far lab grown body parts have come. Essentially, what the scientists have done is created a scaffold from a donor limb and grown a new one on that scaffold. It looks like a limb, and the muscles work, but, based on the article it still lacks bones and other cell types, including, probably most importantly, nerves. So as much progress as this represents, the difficult bits remain. “IT MIGHT look like an amputated rat forelimb, but the photo above is of something much more exciting: the limb has been grown in the lab from living cells. It may go down in history as the first step to creating real, biologically functional limbs for amputees. “Were focusing on the forearm and hand to use it as a model system and proof of principle, ” says Harald Ott of Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, who grew the limb. “But the techniques would apply equally to legs, arms and other extremities. ”” 3) Driverless taxis to become a major form of transport ‘in 10 years I chuckled when I read the headline because I thought it was an impossible goal given the state of the art. However, as the article explains, these are low speed (30 km/hr) vehicles, not typical automobiles, and that probably makes the goal a lot more achievable. Urban traffic tends to move at a crawl and managing these low speeds robotically is much more manageable than even 60 km/hr, especially if infrastructure improvements are made to simplify the problem. “People in cities will shift from using private transport to using self-driving public taxis, as fleets of shared, low-speed electric cars are introduced over the next decade, according to European researchers working on the future of automated transport. By contrast, travel in rural areas and for long journeys will continue to rely on private cars, although these will become more and more automated to increase safety and comfort. Dr Michel Parent, an advanced road transport expert at INRIA, the French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation, has been working on various EU-funded projects since the 90s to develop self-driving cars that would operate in city centres. He says that fleets of on-demand driverless vehicles that pick people up from their homes and connect them with mass public transport networks could be operational within a decade. ” 4) Patent Act Clears Senate Committee With Compromises Aimed at PTAB There have been a number of attempts at patent litigation reform over the past decade, so it is hard to know how far this one will get. I figure the key feature is “loser pays” which would raise the pain threshold for troll patent lawsuits considerably. Of course, not all patent litigation, even those started by Non Practicing Entities (NPEs) are “trolls”, however, there is a lot of patent trolling which goes on. True patent trolls are law offices who essentially shake down all manner of businesses (for example, those who use WiFi) figuring they can extort settlements due to the low risk that, even if their cases are thrown out of course their only cost is time whereas the business owner has to pay for a costly defense. “Tech companies got one step closer to patent reform Wednesday as a Senate committee voted overwhelmingly to approve legislation that includes fee-shifting, heightened pleading requirements and limits on demand letters. But the 16-4 vote by the Senate Judiciary Committee came with a price: tweaks to the postgrant review process before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)—a reform thats proven effective the last few years. An amendment added to the PATENT Act Tuesday night and approved Thursday provides that patents would start inter partes review with a presumption of validity. The amendment also narrows the PTABs claim-construction standard to conform with district courts, while allowing patent holders to amend claims and to submit expert testimony earlier in the case. ” 5) Tesla Battery Swap Invites Go Out, 80 Per Swap Tesla is in the business of converting taxpayers money into market capitalization, and the gravy train in California requires meeting range targets which are impractical given battery technology. Fortunately, there is a workaround: by allowing a small number of drivers to swap batteries, the subsidies keep flowing. As is frequently the case, the company is being liberal with the facts: 80 may be “slightly less than a full tank of gasoline for a premium sedan”, however, if that sedan is a BMW 760, which has an 80 liter (21. 1 USG) a fill up with premium gas is 72 in San Francisco. What is truly interesting is that a doctoral thesis could be written about the economics. If you swap batteries, you are either going to get a newer one, an older one, or, very unlikely, one the same age as the car you drive. Now, batteries are about 30K and if yours is a few years old, if the average swap is a new battery, you can save a pile of money by swapping for 80. On the other hand, unless you know, for a fact, youll get a new battery, unless your car is a few years old you want to stay away from a swap. Then there is the impact on the cars battery warranty, which excludes “wear and tear”. “Its been more than six months since Elon Musk announced Teslas battery swap pilot station in Harris Ranch, California, though since then theres been little movement or news on the alternative to Superchargers. Finally though, the first Tesla Model S owners have received their invites to test out the battery swap stations for themselves, though there are some caveats that come with the invite. The invite, which you can read for yourself above, lays out what Model S owners can expect from their first, and subsequent visits to the battery swap station. This includes: A swap time of three to five minutes (though the first swap takes 10 to 15 minutes) The need to schedule an appointment (currently two days ahead of time) Will cost “slightly less than a full tank of gasoline for a premium sedan” (about 80. ” 6) New technology could put an end to drunken driving, officials say I have little sympathy for drunk drivers and the development of technologies and systems to keep them off the road would be welcomed. I see problems with these types of systems, however: a skin sensor could be easily defeated with a tissue paper and an ambient breathalyzer would probably produce false positives, especially if a designated driver was ferrying about a group of drinkers (not behaviour you want to discourage. The potential liability of the manufacturer if a car let a drunk drive is another matter. “A technological breakthrough that could virtually eliminate the drunken driving that kills 10, 000 Americans each year was announced Thursday by federal officials, who said it could begin appearing in cars in five years. The new equipment wont require a driver to blow into a tube, like the interlock devices some states require after drunken-driving convictions. Instead, either a passive set of breath sensors or touch-sensitive contact points on a starter button or gear shift would immediately register the level of alcohol in the bloodstream. ” 7) SourceForge locked in projects of fleeing users, cashed in on malvertising You might recall that some time ago we lamented that SourceForge, once a leading repository for open-source software, had become a platform for distributing malware. It is not at all unusual for crowdsourced platforms and software to transition to a profit driven model eventually, but they have to watch their step. Like uTorrent, which was found to be distributing malware along with a recent “upgrade”, if you push a bit too far, things hit the fan. SourceForges corporate overlords probably realize that now but the damage has likely been done. “The takeover of the SourceForge account for the Windows version of the open-source GIMP image editing tool reported by Ars last week is hardly the first case of the once-pioneering software repository attempting to cash in on open-source projects that have gone inactive or have actually attempted to shut down their SourceForge accounts. Over the past few years, SourceForge (launched by VA Linux Systems in 1999 and now owned by the tech job site company previously known as Dice) has made it a business practice to turn abandoned or inactive projects into platforms for distribution of “bundle-ware” installers. Despite promises to avoid deceptive advertisements that trick site visitors into downloading unwanted software and malware onto their computers, these malicious ads are legion on projects that have been taken over by SourceForges anonymous editorial staff. SourceForges search engine ranking for these projects often makes the site the first link provided to people seeking downloads for code on Google and Bing search results. And because of SourceForges policies, its nearly impossible for open-source projects to get their code removed from the site. SourceForge is, in essence, the Hotel California of code repositories: you can check your project out any time you want, but you can never leave. ” 8) Batteriser is a 2. 50 gadget that extends disposable battery life by 800 percent Example #436 of how any discussion of energy results in peoples IQs dropping by 50 points. Yes, it is true that once AA batterys voltage drops below about 1. 35 volts there is a lot more power left in it (see) depending on a variety of factors. This device, which is a simple (and probably inefficient) step-up voltage converter, called a “joule thief, ” keeps that voltage up until the battery is well and truly drained. However, this characteristic of batteries is well known and, in fact, many devices are more than happy to keep functioning until the per cell voltage is as low as it will go. No only that, but if there was a net advantage, device makers would simply incorporate a step-up voltage converter for the few pennies it costs. Nevertheless, like many “energy miracles” itll probably sell like hotcakes. “A completely new alkaline battery is rated to generate 1. 5 volts, but once its output drops below 1. 35 or even 1. 4 volts, it effectively becomes useless to many devices. The batterys chemical cocktail is still loaded with juice, but the circuitry in many gadgets (especially more sophisticated ones, like Bluetooth keyboards and bathroom scales) considers the battery dead. This is where Batteriser comes in. Its essentially a voltage booster that sucks every last drop of useable energy from ostensibly spent batteries. So, instead of using just 20 percent of all the power hidden inside of your Duracells and Energizers, Batteriser makes effective use of the remaining 80 percent. ” 9) Bell Media president says using VPNs to skirt copyright rules is stealing I really dont know what planet the Bell Media president thinks shes on, though it is probably the same one where Bell Media management dictates news coverage of regulatory issues as did her predecessor. She did provide the entire Internet with a good laugh at her expense. I have never heard of anybody feeling bad or being criticized for using a VPN to bypass fundamentally stupid rules. In many cases, the alternative is piracy. On the other hand, plenty of people despise Bell and its thus far successful program of crafting government regulations to restrict or eliminate anything which even vaguely looks like competition in its markets. I suspect that without the mountains of laws which exist to protect it Bell would implode as fast as its customers could find options. “Watching U. S. Netflix in Canada by using location-hiding services such as VPNs is stealing and needs to be more frowned upon, the new president of Bell Media says. At a keynote speech at the Telecom Summit in Toronto on Wednesday, Mary Ann Turcke said Canadians who skirt copyright laws by finding ways of accessing digital content hurt Canadian culture and jobs and need to stop. “It has to become socially unacceptable to admit to another human being that you are VPNing into U. Netflix, ” she said, “like throwing garbage out your car window — you just dont do it. ”” 10) How mobile internet killed off cyber cafés in Nigeria Cyber cafes are one way a population can cope with an abysmal telecommunications infrastructure. It is unrealistic to assume wired service will be deployed any time soon in poor countries since it doesnt even exist in many rich countries, albeit for reasons of inept policy rather than cost. One obvious solution is wireless Internet, and this is what this story is about. Unfortunately it does not provide much in the way of detail, however, it is interesting to note the prices: a sim card for 0. 25 and Internet access for 0. 16/day. I doubt those are for 4G speeds, however, it does make you wonder. “Today, almost a decade after their heyday, most cyber cafés have either closed shop or converted to other business interests. Only a negligible few—now shrunken—have weathered the storm. They lost relevance due to bad management, inefficient internet service providers, unreliable power supply, and, perhaps most important of all, mobile internet. In most developed countries cyber cafes were a blip in history as most people soon had relatively satisfactory internet connections in the privacy of their homes. In many Nigerian cities these were much more important as it opened the rest of the world to us in a way that even satellite television was unable to do. But mobile phones—and eventually mobile internet on feature phones–changed that very quickly and killed off most cyber cafés that once dotted many Nigerian cities. ” 11) Microsoft WiFi will offer ‘hassle-free Internet to Windows, Mac, Android, iOS, and Windows Phone users Microsoft appears to be making an effort to transform itself from clueless laggard to, at very least, topical (though I admit rumors of negotiations to buy undermine that trajectory. It seems Windows 10 is also due for timely release (see item 20. If done correctly, this leaked initiative could push Microsoft back into the big leagues as they are one of a few companies with the resources to pull this off and WiFi is a hot commodity. Well have to see what strings are attached before deciding. “Microsoft is working on a new service called Microsoft WiFi, details of which leaked today at While the website has since been pulled, it described the service as offering “hassle-free Internet access around the world” so users can be “productive on the go. ” Microsoft WiFi was first spotted by Twitter user h0x0d, the same guy who recently discovered Microsoft Earn. We reached out to Microsoft for more information. “We can confirm that we are working on a new service, called Microsoft WiFi, that will bring hassle-free Wi-Fi to millions, ” a Microsoft spokesperson told VentureBeat. “We look forward to sharing additional detail when available. ” As most of Microsofts initiatives nowadays, the Microsoft WiFi app will be a cross-platform affair. Before it was pulled, we saw Microsoft WiFi app downloads links for Windows, Mac, Android, iOS, and Windows Phone. ” 12) A Bay Area Startup Spins Lab-Grown Silk A while back there was a fair bit of interest in transgenic goats whose milk produced spider silk proteins. These researchers have taken things a fair bit further by creating yeast which do the same thing. Yeast can easily be grown in vast quantities and do not require milking so this approach probably has greater potential to make more silk for less money. Of course, like any revolutionary advance, getting to market might be a lot more difficult than it appears. “Spiders are territorial and cannibalistic—try to farm them, and they end up eating each other. But scientists have long believed that if spiders would only cooperate, fabric made from their silk would be well-suited for use in military and medical equipment, like wound sutures or artificial tendons, as well as in high-performance athletic clothing and other garments. Bolt Threads has ditched the live spiders but held on to this goal. The company has developed a synthetic alternative to spider silk by engineering proteins identical to the natural threads stretched across the nooks in your basement. Its raised 40 million from Silicon Valley venture capital firms Foundation Capital, Formation 8, and Founders Fund to commercialize its technology and turn those proteins into fabric. “Over the past few decades, as clothing companies squeezed on price, theyve taken the innovation out of apparel, ” says Dan Widmaier, a graduate of the UCSF Ph. D. program in chemical biology and Bolts chief executive officer. ” 13) Graphene Coating Could Save Millions in Power Plant Energy Costs Apparently, a hydrophobic coating on condenser pipe results in drops being formed, rather than a thin coating of water which acts as an insulator and inhibits heat exchange. Plastics could fit the bill but the ones which are not themselves insulators do not last very long in this environment. Graphene is an excellent conductor of heat, hydrophobic, and, apparently durable. Unlike many applications for graphene, this does not require production of the bulk material, which is staggeringly expensive. Copper can be coated with graphene through chemical vapor deposition, a common industrial process so the researchers believe the stuff could be in use within a year. Furthermore, the thickness can be adjusted if durability does turn out to be an issue. A couple percent improvement in efficiency in a power plant is a big deal economically. “In research published in the journal Nano Letters, the MIT team addressed one of the basic elements of steam-generated electricity: heat transfer in water condensation. In a steam-powered power plant, water is heated up to create steam that turns a turbine. The turning of the turbine produces electricity. In this process, the steam is condensed back into water and the whole process begins again. The MIT team looked at these condensers and found that by layering their surfaces with graphene they can improve the rate of heat transfer by a factor of four. The researchers believe that this graphene surface could improve condenser heat transfer so that an overall power plant efficiency could be improved by as much as 2 to 3 percent based on figures from the Electric Power Research Institute. ” 14) Mystery company blazes a trail in fusion energy We recently carried an item about how a small amount of lithium ions had a dramatic effect on the duration plasma could be maintained in fusion experiments. This company seems to be taking a novel approach to the issue of containment, however, I dont know how significant this advance is. While the article refers to a 10x improvement and implies a further 20x to 1 second is required for fusion breakeven, it appears that other researchers have already produced a 30 second plasma pulse. Of course, an expert would know whether a 1 second contained FRC would be better than a 30 second plasma pulse. I dont. “In papers published last month in Physics of Plasmas and Nature Communications, the Tri Alpha team reveals how fast ions, edge biasing, and other improvements have enabled them to produce FRCs lasting 5 milliseconds, a more than 10-fold improvement in lifetime, and reduced heat loss. “Theyre employing all known techniques on a big, good-quality plasma, ” Wurden says. “It shows what you can do with several hundred million dollars. ” Tri Alpha is supported by “a very diverse group of investors, ” Binderbauer says, including venture capital companies, billionaire individuals, and the government-owned Russian Nanotechnology Corp. To achieve fusion gain—more energy out than heating pumped in—researchers will have to make FRCs last for at least a second. Although that feat seems a long way off, Santarius says Tri Alpha has shown a way forward. “If they scale up size, energy confinement should go up, ” he says. Tri Alpha researchers are already working with an upgraded device, which has differently oriented ion beams and more beam power. ” 15) Microsoft Gives Details About Its Controversial Disk Encryption This is not really a Microsoft story as much as a story about encryption. The author, oddly, recommended Microsoft BitLocker and was called upon to justify that decision. He tries but ultimately fails because he does not grasp that trust, in particular in a US tech company, cannot be a factor in choosing an encryption scheme. The Snowden revelations showed conclusively that major US technology companies are enthusiastic supporters of the national security state (as are, no doubt, Chinese and Russian of their respective governments. If you want something “sort of” encrypted, meaning you want it to be difficult for the average person to crack, closed source products are probably good enough. If you want serious encryption, for example, to keep proprietary business information secret, you need something which is open sourced and is constantly being scrutinized for strength and “back doors”. “Recently, I wrote a guide explaining how to encrypt your laptops hard drive and why you should do so. For the benefit of Windows users, I gave instructions for turning on BitLocker, Microsofts disk encryption technology. This advice generated an immediate backlash in the comments section underneath the post, where readers correctly pointed out that BitLocker has been criticized by security experts for a number of real and potential shortcomings. For example, BitLockers source code is not available for inspection, which makes it particularly vulnerable to “backdoors, ” security holes intentionally placed to provide access to the government or others. In addition, BitLockers host operating system, Microsoft Windows, provides an algorithm for generating random numbers, including encryption keys, that is known to have been backdoored by government spies, and which the companys own engineers flagged as potentially compromised nearly eight years ago. BitLocker also lost a key component for hardening its encryption, known as the “Elephant diffuser, ” in the latest major version of Windows. And Microsoft has reportedly worked hand-in-glove with the government to provide early access to bugs in Windows and to customer data in its Skype and products. ” 16) I Made an Untraceable AR-15 ‘Ghost Gun in My Office—And It Was Easy I included this article because it mentions the “Ghost Gunner”, a 1, 500 open source general purpose NC milling machine. The article makes for an interesting read as well, but not so much because of the gun angle: bizarrely, legally, the “gun” part of an AR-15 assault rifle is the lower receiver, which the article shows is pretty easy to make, not the barrel, which is very difficult to make. Paranoid gun nuts in the US have therefore made the “Ghost Gunner” NC milling machine to enable people to make “ghost” (unrecorded) guns in case the government should decide to confiscate their AR-15s. Needless to say, they could simply ask the local machine shop (heck I have a milling machine) or buy the arms from a private individual on a cash basis (which is, legally, off the books) but I kinda like the NC milling machine angle. “I did this mostly alone. I have virtually no technical understanding of firearms and a Cro-Magnon mans mastery of power tools. Still, I made a fully metal, functional, and accurate AR-15. To be specific, I made the rifles lower receiver; thats the body of the gun, the only part that US law defines and regulates as a “firearm. ” All I needed for my entirely legal DIY gunsmithing project was about six hours, a 12-year-olds understanding of computer software, an 80 chunk of aluminum, and a nearly featureless black 1-cubic-foot desktop milling machine called the Ghost Gunner. The Ghost Gunner is a 1, 500 computer-numerical-controlled (CNC) mill sold by Defense Distributed, the gun access advocacy group that gained notoriety in 2012 and 2013 when it began creating 3-D-printed gun parts and the Liberator, the worlds first fully 3-D-printed pistol. ” 17) NASA wants to cut travel time to Mars “in half” with new propulsion tech A big challenge with space travel is getting there – space is really, really, big, and, while rockets, which are essentially bombs open at one end, are great for getting off the planet, they only work for a few minutes and then run out of fuel. Electric power (nuclear or solar) would allow for gentle but continuous acceleration, resulting in pretty astounding speeds over a matter of days. As the article shows, getting there quicker has numerous benefits and that even goes for unmanned craft as well. You can click through to some of the numerous non-chemical engines if you are interested. “The main problem with getting humans to Mars is that, with our current liquid-fuelled rocket engines, it takes a very long time to get there; about eight months or so. If we can cut the journey in half, we significantly reduce the amount of food and water needed—which in turn cuts down the weight of the spacecraft, which in turn reduces the amount of fuel needed, which in turn feeds a very positive feedback loop. Less time in outer space means astronauts will be bombarded by less radiation too. Finding a propulsion technology thats better than liquid fuel, though, has proven difficult. NASA has been looking at a variety of different technologies for decades. An In-Space Propulsion roadmap (PDF) from 2010 lists no less than 41 different propulsion methods. One of the most promising propulsion techniques, at least in the short term, is solar-electric propulsion—gathering solar energy with photovoltaic cells, which then powers some kind of electric engine like a Hall effect ion thruster. ” 18) Diabetes Has a New Enemy: Robo-Pancreas Insulin injections sure beat dying, however, the need to monitor and inject has its issues. Children, the elderly, and others may not be able to keep to the rigors of looking after themselves, and, in any event, this is a discrete, rather than continuous, solution: what goes on between tests and injections is important. A self-contained system which continuously monitors blood glucose and administers only the appropriate dose of insulin would result in better outcomes and this is what the article is about. At this time, artificial pancreases are devices worn outside the body but it is not hard to imagine an implantable device with an insulin reservoir which only require occasional refills. “Now, after half a century of work, a solution at last is in the offing: the artificial pancreas. It links data from an implanted blood-sugar sensor to a computer, which then controls how a pump worn on the hip dribbles insulin under the skin through a pipette. In its fully realized form, the machine would take the patient out of the decision-making loop, which is why it is often called a closed-loop system. “It is a classic problem in control technology, which is the methodology used in process control, ” says Ahmad Haidar, an electrical engineer working on the problem at the Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montréal (IRCM. Such technology is used, for instance, to guide a spacecraft or to govern the processing of crude oil in a refinery. Haidars group is one of a number of academic and corporate teams vying to create a closed-loop system for an artificial pancreas. ” 19) IoT Gets Sane Forecast at Event Insane industry forecasts are the ones other industry forecasters put out, though, even if all forecasters agree there is little chance the number is the right one. Trimming expectations from 50 to 1. 9 billion devices may seem extreme but even 1. 9 billion is a 500% increase over 5 years, a 140% CAGR, so it is not exactly a pessimistic forecast. For the record I do expect a very large number of IoT devices to ship, though I have no opinion on whether the right number is 500 million or 4 billion by 2020. What is important to understand is that these are going to be very cheap devices and they will use very little data, so the direct impact on semiconductor demand and network infrastructure will be negligible. “Forget the 50 billion devices on the Internet by 2020 as preached by networking giant Cisco Systems. That over-quoted fantasy projection includes all PCs, smartphones, tablets and probably a few iKitchen sinks. At his first event dedicated to the Internet of Things, Linley Gwennap will roll out his own forecast. The veteran market watcher estimates 1. 9 billion new IoT devices will ship in 2020, up from about 200 million annual shipping today, mainly in the industrial space. ” 20) Upgrade to Windows 10 for free And, finally, Microsoft more or less officially announced the launch date for Windows 10 as July 29, 2015. What is interesting is that they have confirmed a free upgrade from Windows 7 or 8, probably so they can temper the support burden associated with Windows 7 and, essentially, erase the disastrous Windows 8 from history. From what I have read, Windows 10 has the good bits of Windows 8 without confining you to the idiotic user interface of that abomination, and reviews seem to suggest it is a pretty good OS. Given the impact Windows 8 had on PC sales, this might provide a bump for both Microsoft and Intel. Ill let you know in August.
Free download the killing of the 5th element game. Free download the killing of the 5th element games. Free download the killing of the 5th element full. Free download the killing of the 5th element tv. Free download the killing of the 5th element book. Free Download The Killing of the 5th élémentaire. Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 10 wins & 38 nominations. See more awards » Videos Learn more More Like This Mystery, Sci-Fi Thriller 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8 / 10 X In a future world devastated by disease, a convict is sent back in time to gather information about the man-made virus that wiped out most of the human population on the planet. Director: Terry Gilliam Stars: Bruce Willis, Madeleine Stowe, Brad Pitt Action Drama 7. 4 / 10 In an oppressive future where all forms of feeling are illegal, a man in charge of enforcing the law rises to overthrow the system and state. 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Peter Weller, Nancy Allen, Dan O'Herlihy A film that explores the dark and miserable town, Basin City, and tells the story of three different people, all caught up in violent corruption. Mickey Rourke, Clive Owen, Bruce Willis Edit Storyline In the twenty-third century, the universe is threatened by evil. The only hope for mankind is the Fifth Element, who comes to Earth every five thousand years to protect the humans with four stones of the four elements: fire, water, Earth and air. A Mondoshawan spacecraft is bringing The Fifth Element back to Earth but it is destroyed by the evil Mangalores. However, a team of scientists use the DNA of the remains of the Fifth Element to rebuild the perfect being called Leeloo. She escapes from the laboratory and stumbles upon the taxi driver and former elite commando Major Korben Dallas that helps her to escape from the police. Leeloo tells him that she must meet Father Vito Cornelius to accomplish her mission. Meanwhile, the Evil uses the greedy and cruel Jean-Baptiste Emanuel Zorg and a team of mercenary Mangalores to retrieve the stones and avoid the protection of Leeloo. But the skilled Korben Dallas has fallen in love with Leeloo and decides to help her to retrieve the stones. Written by Claudio Carvalho, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Plot Summary Plot Synopsis Taglines: It Mu5t Be Found. See more » Motion Picture Rating ( MPAA) Rated PG-13 for intense sci-fi violence, some sexuality and brief nudity See all certifications » Details Release Date: 9 May 1997 (USA) Also Known As: The 5th Element Box Office Budget: 93, 000, 000 (estimated) Opening Weekend USA: 17, 031, 345, 11 May 1997 Cumulative Worldwide Gross: 264, 029, 966 See more on IMDbPro » Company Credits Technical Specs Color: Color (Technicolor) See full technical specs » Did You Know? Trivia If you closely when Ruby Rhod sings "All Night Long" Bruce Willis can be seen trying not to laugh. See more » Goofs Billy trips over backwards, firing his gun up at the ceiling, yet the bullets travel horizontally to strike the aliens' midriffs. See more » Quotes [ first lines] Omar: whispers to sleeping Aziz] Aziz! Aziz! Professor Pacoli: shouts] Aziz! Light! Aziz wakes up with a start] Billy: Aziz! Light! See more » Alternate Versions In the version currently running on SyFy Ruby Rhod's sexual encounter with the flight attendant is cut as are all cutaways to it during the take-off sequence. Therefore the cockpit crew's preflight checklist has no double entendre meaning. See more » Connections Featured in Mermaid (2007) Soundtracks The Diva Dance Performed by Inva Mula (as Inva Mulla Tchako) Composed and Produced by Éric Serra Editions La Marguerite 1997 See more » Frequently Asked Questions See more ».
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Free download the killing of the 5th element trailer. "Korben Dallas" redirects here. For the Slovakian rock band, see Korben Dallas (band. The Fifth Element US theatrical release poster French Le Cinquième Élément Directed by Luc Besson Produced by Patrice Ledoux Screenplay by Luc Besson Robert Mark Kamen Story by Luc Besson Starring Bruce Willis Gary Oldman Ian Holm Chris Tucker Milla Jovovich Music by Éric Serra Cinematography Thierry Arbogast Edited by Sylvie Landra Production company Columbia Pictures Gaumont Distributed by Gaumont Buena Vista International  Release date 7 May 1997 Running time 126 minutes  Country France Language English Budget 90 million  4] 5] 6] a] Box office 263. 9 million  The Fifth Element (French: Le Cinquième Élément) is a 1997 English-language French science fiction action film directed and co-written by Luc Besson. It stars Bruce Willis, Gary Oldman and Milla Jovovich. Primarily set in the 23rd century, the film's central plot involves the survival of planet Earth, which becomes the responsibility of Korben Dallas (Willis) a taxicab driver and former special forces major, after a young woman (Jovovich) falls into his cab. To accomplish this, Dallas joins forces with her to recover four mystical stones essential for the defense of Earth against the impending attack of a malevolent cosmic entity. Besson started writing the story that became The Fifth Element when he was 16 years old; he was 38 when the film opened in cinemas. Besson wanted to shoot the film in France, but suitable facilities could not be found; filming took place instead in London and Mauritania. Comics artists Jean "Moebius" Giraud and Jean-Claude Mézières, whose books provided inspiration for parts of the film, were hired for production design. Costume design was by Jean-Paul Gaultier. The Fifth Element received mainly positive reviews, although it tended to polarize critics. It has been called both the best and worst summer blockbuster of all time. The film was a financial success, earning more than 263 million at the box office on a 90 million budget. At the time of its release it was the most expensive European film ever made, and remained the highest-grossing French film at the international box office until the release of The Intouchables in 2011. Plot [ edit] In 1914, aliens known as Mondoshawans arrive at an ancient Egyptian temple to collect, for safekeeping from World War I, the only weapon capable of defeating a great evil that appears every 5, 000 years. The weapon consists of four stones, containing the essences of the four classical elements, and a sarcophagus containing a Fifth Element in the form of a human, which combines the power of the other four into a divine light capable of defeating the evil. The Mondoshawans promise their human contact, a priest from a secret order, they will come back with the weapon in time to stop the great evil when it returns. In 2263, b] the great evil appears in deep space in the form of a giant ball of black fire, and destroys an attacking Earth spaceship. The Mondoshawans' current contact on Earth, priest Vito Cornelius, informs the President of the Federated Territories about the history of the great evil and the weapon that can stop it. As the Mondoshawans return to Earth they are ambushed by Mangalores, a race hired by the industrialist Jean-Baptiste Emanuel Zorg, who has been directed by the great evil (sending messages as Mister Shadow) to acquire the element stones. The Mondoshawans' spacecraft is destroyed, and the only "survivor" is a severed hand in a metal glove from the Fifth Element's sarcophagus that still contains some living cells. Human scientists take it to a New York City laboratory where they use it to reconstruct a powerful humanoid woman who takes the name Leeloo. Terrified of the unfamiliar surroundings, she breaks out of confinement and jumps off a high ledge, crashing into the flying taxicab of Korben Dallas, a former major in the special forces. Dallas delivers Leeloo to Cornelius and his apprentice, David, and it is revealed that she is the Fifth Element. As Leeloo acclimates to Earth and prepares to seek out the element stones, Cornelius learns from her that the stones were not on the Mondoshawans' ship, but were entrusted to an alien opera singer, the diva Plavalaguna. Zorg kills many of the Mangalores for their failure to obtain the stones, but the survivors are determined to seize the artifacts in revenge. Learning from the Mondoshawans that the stones are in Plavalaguna's possession, General Munro, Dallas' former superior, recommissions Dallas and orders him to travel undercover to the planet Fhloston to meet Plavalaguna in a flying luxury hotel where she is performing a benefit concert; a radio contest awarding a Fhloston vacation, sponsored by flamboyant talk show host Ruby Rhod, is rigged to secure Dallas passage. Dallas takes Leeloo with him after learning she and Cornelius are on the same mission he is. Meanwhile, Cornelius instructs David to prepare the temple designed to house the stones, then stows away on the spacecraft transporting Dallas, Leeloo, Rhod and his entourage to the cruise liner. Plavalaguna is killed when the Mangalores attack the hotel during her concert, but Dallas succeeds in retrieving the stones from the dying diva. During his struggle with the Mangalores he kills their leader, rendering the remaining Mangalores unwilling to continue fighting. Meanwhile, Zorg arrives, shooting and seriously wounding Leeloo before taking a carrying case that he presumes contains the stones back to his spacecraft. He leaves behind a time bomb that forces the hotel's occupants to evacuate. Discovering the case to be empty, Zorg returns to the hotel and deactivates his bomb, but a dying Mangalore sets off his own device, destroying the hotel and killing Zorg. Dallas, Cornelius, Leeloo and Rhod escape with the stones aboard Zorg's spacecraft. As the great evil approaches Earth, the four join up with David at the temple. They arrange the stones and activate them with their corresponding elements, but having witnessed and studied so much violence, Leeloo has become disenchanted with humanity and refuses to cooperate. Dallas declares his love for Leeloo and kisses her. In response, Leeloo combines the power of the stones and releases the divine light onto the great evil, destroying its power and stopping it. She and Dallas are hailed as heroes and, as dignitaries wait to greet them, the two embrace passionately in a recovery chamber. Cast [ edit] Themes [ edit] In an interview Besson stated The Fifth Element was not a "big theme movie" although the film's theme was an important one. He wanted viewers to reach the point where Leeloo states "What's the use of saving life when you see what you do with it. and agree with her.  Jay P. Telotte, writing in the book Science Fiction Film, credited the film with exploring the theme of political corruption.  An article by Brian Ott and Eric Aoki in the feminist journal Women's Studies in Communication considered gender to be one of the film's main themes. The authors accused the film of erasing women from the introductory scenes, noting that Leeloo's reconstruction marked only the second appearance of a female in the film's first 20 minutes; the other is an androgynous, mostly speechless presidential aide. When females appear in the film, they do so as passive objects, such as the sexualised flight and McDonald's attendants; or stripped of their femininity, such as the " butch " Major Iceborg.  Stefan Brandt, in the book Subverting Masculinity, also said that the film "echoes stereotypical beliefs about gender" of all females in the film, including Leeloo, who he thought only left her passive role in the film during her fight with the Mangalores. With the exception of Tiny Lister's portrayal of the President, all males in the film were considered to be as unmanly as possible in various ways, such as Ruby Rhod's effeminacy, Vito Cornelius's clumsy form of speech, and General Munro's stupidity; their purpose was to make Korben's masculinity appear "god-like" by comparison.  In the book The Films of Luc Besson, Susan Hayward considered The Fifth Element to be a classic story of a man "making his break from the tribe, proving his manhood, over-throwing the malevolent forces and killing the chief, finally to reap the rewards of security and marriage. 12] Korben's journey, however, is under threat not only from the Mangalores and Zorg, but also from Leeloo, who relents and helps him only at the last minute, accepting his declaration of love.  The love story within The Fifth Element was considered to be one of the main narratives in the film, and it faces the same deadline as the main storyline.  Hayward also considered the issue of environmental damage, in so far as waste and pollution are visible throughout the film.  Whereas science fiction films often show a world wherein some new technology or threat either surpasses or fails humanity, The Films of Luc Besson included The Fifth Element amongst the minority of science fiction films that "hold up a mirror" and show humankind as responsible.  The film was said to be skeptical of capitalist consumerism, in so far as the gadgets in Zorg's office make an unhealthy obsession of his lust for technology.  The tension between technology and man is treated as a problem requiring a final resolution.  Production [ edit] As a teenager, Besson envisioned the world of The Fifth Element in an attempt to alleviate boredom. He began writing the script when he was 16, though it was not released in cinemas until he was 38.  The original storyline was set in the year 2300, and was about a "nobody" named Zaltman Bleros (later renamed Korben Dallas) who wins a trip to the Club Med resort on the planet Fhloston Paradise. There he meets Leeloo, a "sand-girl" who has the "beauty of youth" despite being over 2, 000 years old.  Besson continued to work on the storyline for years; by the time his documentary film Atlantis was released in 1991 he had a 400-page script. Nicolas Seydoux and Patrice Ledoux from Gaumont were the first people to take on the project. In November 1991, while looking for actors for the film, Besson met French comics creators Jean Giraud and Jean-Claude Mézières and recruited them  for the film's production design.  19] Giraud and Mézières's comics were a major source of inspiration for Besson's futuristic New York City.  Mézières wrote the book The Circles of Power, which contains a character named S'Traks, who drives a flying taxicab through the congested air traffic of the vast metropolis on the planet Rubanis. Mézières showed images of the flying taxi to Besson, who was inspired to change the background of Korben Dallas from a worker in a rocketship factory to that of a taxi driver who flies his cab around a Rubanis-inspired futuristic New York City.  Five other artists were hired for the project, and Jean-Paul Gaultier was hired to design the costumes. The team spent a year creating over 8, 000 drawings, during which time Besson approached both Bruce Willis and Mel Gibson for the lead role. Willis expressed interest, though he was reluctant to take on the role as the film was considered risky after his previous two films, Hudson Hawk and Billy Bathgate, had been received poorly; Gibson eventually turned down the role.  While the team impressed film companies with their designs, they struggled to find one willing to take on the budget of almost 100 million. In December 1992 production stopped  without any prior warning, and the team disbanded.  Besson went on to direct the commercially successful film Léon: The Professional, which was released in September 1994. While shooting and releasing Leon, he continued to work on the script for The Fifth Element, shortening it and reducing the film's budget to 90 million before attempting to find a studio willing to produce it. Columbia Pictures, who had a partnership in Leon, agreed to finance the film. By this time Besson had decided to go with a lesser-known lead actor in order to save on production costs.  8] Besson was in Barry Josephson 's office when Willis called regarding a different film. Besson asked to speak to Willis "just to say hello" and told him that The Fifth Element was finally going ahead, explaining the decision to go with a less-expensive actor. After a short silence, Willis stated "If I like the film, we can always come to an arrangement. 3] he agreed to take on the role after reading the script. Production commenced in early August 1995. Besson traveled to various places for casting, including Paris, London and Rome.  He hired Gary Oldman (who had starred in Léon) for the role of Zorg, describing Oldman as "one of the top five actors in the world. 8] For the character Leeloo, Besson chose Milla Jovovich from the 200 to 300 applicants he met in person.  The "Divine Language" spoken by Leeloo is a fictional language with only 400 words, invented by Besson. Jovovich and Besson held conversations and wrote letters to each other in the language as practice.  Besson was married to Maïwenn Le Besco, who played the role of Diva Plavalaguna, when filming commenced; however, he left her for Jovovich during filming.  Jovovich and Besson later married, but divorced in 1999.  Wishing to shoot the film in France, Besson could not find suitable facilities and "with a heavy heart" filmed in London.  It was primarily filmed at Pinewood Studios on seven soundstages  including the 007 Stage.  Construction of sets began in October 1995.  The opera scene was filmed at the Royal Opera House.  Scenes depicted as being in Egypt were filmed in Mauritania; 33] the first shoot, a background shot of the desert, occurred there on 5 January 1996.  Filming with actors began in late January, and was completed 21 weeks later.  Willis finished filming on 16 May, 36] while Oldman only commenced filming the following week; 37] the protagonist (Korben) and antagonist (Zorg) never actually share any screen time.  Despite being filmed in London, The Fifth Element was a French production, 39] 40] and went on to become the costliest European film ever made at the time.  The buildings in New York were derived from both metabolist -inspired masses of modular apartments from the 1960s, and the futuristic designs of architect Antonio Sant'Elia in the 1910s.  Besson demanded that most of the action shots take place in broad daylight, as he was reportedly tired of the dark spaceship corridors and dimly lit planets common in science fiction films, and wanted a brighter "cheerfully crazy" look as opposed to a gloomy realistic one.  Gaultier designed every one of the 900 costumes worn by extras in the Fhloston Paradise scenes, and checked each costume every morning.  His designs, described as "intellectually transgressive. 43] were said to challenge sexuality and gender norms.  A single jacket he designed for the film cost 5, 000.  The original name of the character Ruby Rhod was Loc Rhod. The name appears in both the original script and in the novelisation of the film.  Speculation has been raised that the name change was a play on information in the periodic table. Rubidium is the first of the period 5 elements, and exactly halfway along that row is the element rhodium. Taking the first half of each element yields "Rubi Rhod. 47] Others have speculated his name is a play on his gender bending personality; having a feminine first name and phallic surname.  Effects [ edit] One of the models used to portray an NYPD car in the film Three different teams handled the three different types of special effects used in the film. Nick Allder was placed in charge of mechanical and pyrotechnical effects, Nick Dudman was placed in charge of 'creature' effects and Mark Stetson headed the visual effects team.  Visual effects company Digital Domain was hired, and Karen Goulekas was given the role of digital effects supervisor.  Alias, 33] Autodesk Softimage, Arete, Side Effect's Prisms, RenderMan, as well as in-house software, were used by Digital Domain to create effects.  Some individual shots used a combination of live action, scale models, computer-generated imagery and particle systems.  The lanes of traffic in the scenes in New York City were created with particle systems: We had maybe 80 cityscape shots with CG cars hurtling around, and you couldn't animate them all by hand because there were just too many of them in each scene. When the cars turned a corner, the velocity changes were automatic, so the animator didn't have to worry about that. They just planned the moves in a very blocky way, and the mathematics smoothed out the rest. Amongst the scale models used for filming were the buildings seen in New York City. Dozens of apartment blocks and 25 skyscrapers, some 20 feet (6. 1 m) high, were constructed in 1/24th scale.  It took a team of 80 workers five months to build all the models.  The windows of the buildings were cited by the team as one of the most time-consuming tasks, along with details behind the windows, such as furniture, blinds, lightboxes and tiny pieces of flat artwork.  Virtual sets built within digital environments were created to enhance the use of miniatures.  Motion control cameras moved throughout the scale sets, and the data they collected was exported to track and generate the CG animation and particle systems.  Other techniques used included digital matte paintings for backgrounds  and the NURBS mathematical model for certain animations, including the sequence in which Leeloo's body is reconstructed.  Soundtrack [ edit] The Fifth Element is one of Besson's films which have been described as "intrinsically musical. 56] some kind of music is playing during about 90 percent of the film.  The score was composed by Éric Serra. He relies heavily on the use of orchestral textures, such as the oboe and strings heard as the surgeons prepare to regenerate Leeloo, and the pizzicato as she is reconstructed. Serra also used many exotic influences, such as the Stalinist fanfare heard before the spaceport sequence, the reggae piece played in preparation for the flight, and the hula music that greets the passengers as they arrive in Fhloston.  More conventional scoring techniques are present in the leitmotif that first appears when professor Pacoli mentions the fifth element, the militaristic snares as the warship prepares to attack the dark planet, and the Mahlerian funereal piece heard when Leeloo learns about war.  The music used for the taxicab chase scene, titled "Alech Taadi" by Algerian performer Khaled, 59] 60] is excluded from the film soundtrack, but is available on Khaled's album N'ssi N'ssi.  The Diva Dance opera performance used music from Gaetano Donizetti 's Lucia di Lammermoor. Il dolce suono. 62] the mad scene of Act III, Scene 2. It is one of the few pieces of music in the film that is diegetic.  It was sung by Albanian soprano Inva Mula, 64] while the role of Plavalaguna was played by French actress Maïwenn Le Besco.  Part One (titled "Lucia di Lammermoor" and Part Two (titled "The Diva Dance" of this piece are included as separate tracks on The Fifth Element soundtrack, but are sequenced to create the effect of the entire performance seen in the film. The end of Part One blends into the beginning of Part Two, creating a smooth transition between the two tracks.  Released as an album under Virgin Records, the soundtrack peaked at No. 99 on the Billboard 200.  More than 200, 000 copies of the lengthy soundtrack were sold in France alone.  Rodney Batdorf of AllMusic gave the album three out of five stars, stating it was "diverse and accomplished, and it is just as effective outside of the film as it is within it. 68] A review from also awarded the album three out of five stars.  Release [ edit] Initial screening [ edit] The film premiered on 7 May 1997 at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival, where it was selected as the opening film.  71] Gaumont built an area for the screening that was over 100, 000 square feet (9, 300 m 2. Guests were given a "Fifth Element" Swatch, which was used as their ticket for entry. The event included a futuristic ballet, a fashion show by Jean-Paul Gaultier, and fireworks. Gaumont spent between US 1 million and 3 million on the event, a record at the time.  Box office [ edit] The film debuted at number 1 in the US, earning 17 million on its opening weekend.  It went on to become a box-office success, grossing over 263 million, almost three times its budget of 90 million.  Seventy-six percent of the receipts for The Fifth Element were from markets outside the United States, 7] and it was the ninth-highest-grossing film of the year worldwide.  It was the most successful film at the box office in France in 1997, 73] with more than 7. 69 million seeing the film.  In Germany the film was awarded the Goldene Leinwand, a sales certification award for selling more than three million tickets at the box office.  The Fifth Element went on to become the highest grossing French film at the foreign box-office, 41] 76] a record it held for 16 years until the release of The Intouchables in 2011.  Critical response [ edit] The Fifth Element polarised critics on release. Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times described the film as an "elaborate, even campy sci-fi extravaganza, which is nearly as hard to follow as last year's Mission: Impossible. He concluded that The Fifth Element was "a lot warmer, more fun and boasts some of the most sophisticated, witty production and costume design you could ever hope to see. 78] On film review show At the Movies, both Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel gave the film a "thumbs up. 79] in his own review for the Chicago Sun-Times, Ebert gave the film 3 stars out of 4, calling it "One of the great goofy movies" and concluding, I would not have missed seeing this film, and I recommend it for its richness of imagery. But at 127 minutes, which seems a reasonable length, it plays long. 4] The film was, however, subject to a number of harsh reviews that expressed disapproval of its overblown style. Todd McCarthy of Variety wrote, A largely misfired European attempt to make an American-style sci-fi spectacular, The Fifth Element consists of a hodgepodge of elements that don't comfortably coalesce. 71] David Edelstein of Slate was even more critical, saying, It may or may not be the worst movie ever made, but it is one of the most unhinged. 5] Chris Tucker 's performance as Ruby Rhod also polarised critics.  He was praised in the Los Angeles Times  and in Time; the latter called him "the summer's most outrageous special effect. 82] Josh Winning of Total Film, however, singled out Tucker's performance as the low point of the film, ranking it as No. 20 on his 2011 list, 50 Performances That Ruined Movies. 83] The Fifth Element holds a 71% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes, based on 65 reviews, with an average score of 6. 4/10. The site's consensus reads: Visually inventive and gleefully over the top, Luc Besson's The Fifth Element is a fantastic piece of pop sci-fi that never takes itself too seriously. 84] It has a weighted score of 52/100 at Metacritic, based on 22 professional reviews, indicating "mixed or average" reviews.  Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale.  Legacy [ edit] The film has been described by CBS News, Rotten Tomatoes, and as a science fiction cult classic.  88] 89] However film critic Mark Kermode reported that The Fifth Element was one of the most divisive films among his readers, regarded as both the best and the worst summer blockbuster of all time. Kermode recalled his own experience: I remember very clearly being in Cannes when [The] Fifth Element was first played, and it really divided the audience. 90] Stephen Cass of Discover ranked the film the third-best science fiction film on subscription service Hulu, writing, People seem to either like or loathe The Fifth Element... Lavish visuals and entertaining performances from Bruce Willis, Milla Jovovich, and Gary Oldman make this movie worth watching. 91] In some circles the film has gained a " so-bad-it's-good " status; Meredith Woerner of io9 listed The Fifth Element as one of "The 20 Best Worst Science Fiction Movies of All Time. 92] In 2007 the Visual Effects Society placed The Fifth Element at No. 50, tied with Darby O'Gill and the Little People, on their list of the 50 most influential visual effects films of all time.  In 2014, Time Out listed the film at No. 42 on their "100 best sci-fi movies" list.  Willis spoke favourably of the film in a 1999 interview, concluding "it was a real fun movie to make. 95] Tucker and Jovovich also spoke favourably of both their experiences making the film and working with Besson in interviews on the Ultimate Edition DVD; Jovovich described Besson as "the first really amazing director I had worked with. 96] Asked in a 2014 interview if he liked the film, Gary Oldman stated, Oh no. I can't bear it. 97] He had explained in 2011: It was me singing for my supper because Luc had come in and partly financed [my film] Nil by Mouth. 98] Alejandro Jodorowsky and Jean Giraud sued Besson after the film was released, claiming The Fifth Element had plagiarised their comic The Incal. Giraud sued for 13. 1 million euros for unfair competition, 9 million euros in damages and interest and two to five percent of the net operating revenues of the film. Jodorowsky sued for 700, 000 euros. The case was dismissed in 2004 on the grounds that only "tiny fragments" of the comic had been used  and also because Giraud had been hired by Besson to work on the film before the allegations were made.  A novel adaptation of The Fifth Element, written by Terry Bisson, was published by HarperPrism in 1997.  101] There were rumors after the film's release that it would be followed by a sequel, tentatively titled Mr. Shadow. In 2011, Besson stated that a sequel was never planned, and that he has no desire to make one.  A video game adaptation of The Fifth Element was created by Activision for the PlayStation game console and PC in 1998. The PlayStation version was generally met with negative reviews, 103] though the PC version was better received.  Lauren Fielder from GameSpot called the PlayStation version "quite possibly the worst game I've ever played. 105] Doug Perry from IGN commented: Take Tomb Raider, add in Leeloo Multipass and boring puzzles, and you've got Fifth Element. 106] A racing game based on the film, New York Race, was released in 2001.  Eurogamer gave the game 6 out of 10, concluding. New York Race is a fun little arcade racer which oozes style, but it's something you'll grow tired of extremely quickly and as such remains fun only in short bursts. 107] Accolades [ edit] The Fifth Element was nominated for Best Sound Editing at the 70th Academy Awards, 108] and for Best Sound Editing at the 1998 Golden Reel Awards, 109] but lost to Titanic in both cases. It won the BAFTA Award for Best Special Visual Effects, 110] 111] and the Lumières Award for Best Director.  It was nominated for seven César awards, winning three: Best Director, 113] Best Cinematography and Best Production Design.  114] It was nominated for Film of the Year at the 1997 European Film Awards, 115] as well as the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, 116] and the Satellite Award for Best Visual Effects.  Thierry Arbogast was awarded the Technical Grand Prize at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival for his work on both The Fifth Element and She's So Lovely.  The film received four Saturn Award nominations: Best Science Fiction Film, Best Costume, Best Special Effects, 118] and Best Supporting Actress for Milla Jovovich.  Jovovich's fight against the Mangalores was nominated for the MTV Movie Award for Best Fight, 119] 120] and the actress was also nominated for Best Actress – Newcomer at the Blockbuster Entertainment Awards.  Conversely, Jovovich received a Golden Raspberry nomination for Worst Supporting Actress, and Chris Tucker was nominated for Worst New Star for his performances in both The Fifth Element and Money Talks.  The film also received four nominations at the 1997 Stinkers Bad Movie Awards: Worst Picture, Worst Director, Worst Supporting Actor for Tucker and Worst Supporting Actress for Jovovich.  Year Event Award Nominee Result 1998 Academy Awards Best Sound Editing Mark Mangini Nominated Blockbuster Entertainment Awards Best Actress – Newcomer 1997 British Academy of Film and Television Arts Best Special Visual Effects Won Cannes Film Festival Technical Grand Prize Thierry Arbogast César Award Best Cinematography Best Director Best Production Design Dan Weil Best Costume Design Jean-Paul Gaultier Best Editing Sylvie Landra Best Film Best Music Written for a Film Éric Serra Best Sound Daniel Brisseau European Film Awards Film of the Year Patrice Ledoux Golden Raspberry Awards Worst Supporting Actress Worst New Star Golden Reel Awards Hugo Awards Best Dramatic Presentation The Fifth Element Lumières Award MTV Movie Awards Best Fight Milla Jovovich vs. Aliens Satellite Award Best Visual Effects Mark Stetson Saturn Award Best Science Fiction Film Best Costumes Best Special Effects Special effects team Best Supporting Actress Stinkers Bad Movie Awards Worst Picture Worst Director Worst Supporting Actor Home media [ edit] The original home video release of The Fifth Element took place in North America on 10 December 1997, on VHS, LaserDisc, and DVD.  The original DVD presented the film in its original 2. 39:1 anamorphic widescreen format though carried no special features.  The film was released in Sony's Superbit format in October 2001.  In his review, Conrad Jeremy from IGN gave the picture quality of the original DVD release 9 out of 10, though awarded the Superbit version a perfect score for picture quality. Overall the Superbit version was given 8 out of 10; the final score was brought down by the version's complete lack of special features.  An "Ultimate Edition" set of two DVDs was released on 11 January 2005.  127] The only difference between the Superbit version and the Ultimate Edition disc one is the addition of a "fact track" which when turned on displays trivia about the film, cast and crew as the film plays. The second disc provides various special features, focusing on visual production, special effects, fashion in the film, featurettes and interviews with Willis, Jovovich, and Tucker, as well as featurettes on the four different alien races in the film and Diva Plavalaguna. Ian Jane of DVD Talk praised the Ultimate Edition for its special features.  The first Blu-ray release of the film on 20 June 2006 was criticised as having poor picture quality by Blu-ray standards, and for its lack of special features.  In what has been called "an extremely rare move" Sony responded to complaints by making a remastered Blu-ray version available, released on 17 July 2007, and also offered a replacement exchange program for customers unhappy with the original Blu-ray release.  Ben Williams from stated the remastered version "absolutely" made up for the substandard initial release and praised its high video and audio quality; however, he criticised the continued lack of special features.  The 20th anniversary 4K remaster was released on Ultra HD Blu-ray on July 11, 2017.  Notes [ edit] Conflicting sources stated the film's budget to be various figures between 50 million and 100 million, however, 90 million is the most frequently cited figure, and is also the figure cited by Besson in his book, The Story of The Fifth Element. ^ The film's opening scene states the year is 1914 and the following scene in space states it is "300 years later. However, Korben's alarm clock clearly shows the year as being 2263. The year is given as 2257 on the DVD sleeve notes published by Pathé in 1997 and as 2259 by Besson in The Story of The Fifth Element. References [ edit] "Le Cinquième élément" The Fifth Element. Ciné-Ressources (in French. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Fifth Element, The Le Cinquieme Elemente. Australian Classification Board. Retrieved 11 April 2015. ^ a b c d Besson 1997, p. 11. ^ a b Ebert, Roger (9 May 1997. The Fifth Element. Archived from the original on 28 August 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2015. ^ a b Edelstein, David (11 May 1997. Unmitigated Gaul: The Fifth Element and Irma Vep. Slate. Archived from the original on 27 October 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2015. ^ Mazdon 2000, p. 110; Hayward 2009, p. 91. ^ a b c d "The Fifth Element (1997. Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on 22 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ a b c d Schaefer, Stephen. "Filmmaker Luc Besson explains how a childhood fantasy became a hit sci-fi epic. IndustryCentral. Archived from the original on 19 November 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Telotte, J. P (2001. Science Fiction Film. Cambridge University Press. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-521-59647-3. Archived from the original on 24 December 2016. ^ a b Ott, Brian L; Aoki, Eric (2001. Counter-Imagination as Interpretive Practice: Futuristic Fantasy and The Fifth Element. PDF. Women's Studies in Communication. 27 (2) 149–176. doi: 10. 1080/07491409. 2004. 10162471. Retrieved 3 August 2019. ^ Brandt, Stefan (2000. American Culture X: Identity, homosexuality, and the search for a new American hero. In West, Russell; Lay, Frank (eds. Subverting Masculinity: Hegemonic and Alternative Visions of Masculinity in Contemporary Culture. Amsterdam: Rodopi. pp. 67–93. ISBN 978-90-420-1234-9. ^ a b c Hayward 2009, p. 98. ^ Hayward 2009, pp. 91–92. ^ a b c Hayward 2009, p. 92. ^ The Fifth Element (1997. AllMovie. Archived from the original on 4 August 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Besson 1997, pp. 8–9. ^ a b Besson 1997, pp. 9–10. ^ a b Heller, Jason (10 March 2012. R. I. P. Moebius, comics legend and Métal Hurlant co-founder. The A. V. Club. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Anders, Charlie (1 July 2012. Luc Besson adapting classic time-travel comic created by Fifth Element concept artist. io9. 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The 404 Yuletide Mini-sode: Where The 404 is the Fifth Element. CNET. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Hayward 2009, p. 89. ^ Bizony 2001, p. 131. ^ Hanson 2005, p. 60. ^ Bizony 2001, p. 28. ^ Bizony 2001, p. 140. ^ a b c Bizony 2001, p. 173. ^ Hanson 2005, p. 64. ^ Bizony 2001, p. 106. ^ Bizony 2001, p. 139. ^ Hayward 2009, p. 44. ^ Hayward 2009, p. 47. ^ a b Hayward 2009, p. 68. ^ Cornea, Christine (2007. Science Fiction Cinema: Between Fantasy and Reality. Rutgers University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-8135-4173-0. Archived from the original on 24 December 2016. ^ Hayward 2009, p. 53. ^ Sheridan, Tim. "Khaled: N'ssi N'ssi. AllMusic. Archived from the original on 21 June 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Gemini Sun Records is Proud to Announce Vitas. Press release. Gemini Sun Records. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Hayward 2009, p. 45. ^ The Fifth Element [Virgin. 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Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Mazdon 2000, p. 110. ^ Hayward 2009, p. 91. ^ Das fünfte Element" The Fifth Element. Goldene Leinwand (in German. Archived from the original on 5 November 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Palmer, Tim (2011. Brutal Intimacy: Analyzing Contemporary French Cinema. Wesleyan University Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-8195-6827-4... Intouchables' plus gros succès de l'histoire pour un film non-anglophone" Untouchable: biggest success in history for a non-English speaking film. PureMédias (in French. 21 March 2012. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Thomas, Kevin (9 May 1997. Element' A Voyage as Fun, Stylish as It Is Confusing. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 8 November 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014. ^ Week of May 10, 1997: The Fifth Element review. At the Movies. Season 11. Episode 35. 10 May 1997. ^ Motor Mouth Man. Newsweek. 7 September 1997. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. 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The Fifth Element Blu-ray. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Sony Offers New 'Fifth Element' Blu-ray Remaster and 'Replacement Exchange Program. High-Def Digest. 18 June 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2015. ^ Kyle Newton (27 July 2017. The Fifth Element - 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017. Bibliography [ edit] External links [ edit] Official website The Fifth Element on IMDb The Fifth Element at AllMovie The Fifth Element at the TCM Movie Database.
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